The number of public charging points for electric vehicles passed the 100,000 mark in May, five months later than the government’s revised target of the end of the year.
There has been a dramatic rise in the rate of installation – from 3,000-5,000 new points per year before 2020 to 3,000-4,000 a month in the years since, new official data shows.
France now has the second-largest network of charging points in Europe, behind the Dutch (125,000 points) but ahead of the Germans (85,000).
Public chargers used mainly in holiday season
In France, almost all electric car purchasers also buy a domestic wallbox charger and Renault estimates that 90%-plus of the electricity used to charge batteries comes from them.
Public points are thus mainly used in holiday season by drivers passing through.
Public chargers, which are usually expensive to use, are visited only 13.5 times a month on average, says the Association nationale pour le développement de la mobilité électrique.
A third of public chargers are operated by shops, usually supermarkets, a third are in public car parks, and a quarter in parking bays along the side of the road. The rest are mainly on business premises, often garages.
Fast charging stations cost around €1million to install
Fast chargers, giving up to 150kW of power, make up only 6% of public chargers in France, and are mainly on autoroutes.
They can usually give enough power to the battery in half an hour for several hundred kilometres of driving range but each station (usually two to four cable points) costs around €1million to install.
By far the majority of the public chargers are 22kW or less – a level that makes installation costs cheaper and that usually provides 50-100km of driving range in 30 minutes of charging.
At the end of March, there were more than 760,000 electric vehicles on French roads and another 449,000 plug-in hybrids, which typically have a 30km electric-only range before a conventional engine takes over, new figures from the industry agency Avere show.
Tesla and Dacia make most popular electric cars in France
In March, the best-selling electric car in France was the Tesla Model Y, with 6,455 vehicles sold. A price drop made it eligible for bonus écologique grants, under which drivers can receive €5,000 to €7,000 towards an electric car worth less than €47,000.
The next bestseller was the Dacia Spring. For electric vans, the Citroën ë-Berlingo was the most popular.
President Macron has said he wants to change the bonus rules so that it applies only to cars made in Europe.